There are several types of heart surgeries in India according to the different heart problems. Among them, CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting) is the most common surgical procedure of heart, which is performed when the heart is not able to get the sufficient oxygen due to the deposition of fat in the coronary arteries. In this procedure, the healthy arteries or veins are used for the grafting of the coronary arteries. The healthy vein can be removed from the leg of the patient. Another procedure is made by using the internal artery of mammary for the relocation from the part of the chest wall and to the coronary artery. Some of the other heart surgeries are listed here.
Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization: This surgical procedure is made for the treatment of angina at the failure of other treatments. In this process, a small incision is made on the chest wall for the exposure of heart muscle and then using powerful laser ray a channel with 1 mm width is made inside the heart. Closing the outer part of the channel, the inner is left as open for the improvement of the blood circulation. As a result of this, a tiny growth of blood vessel can be created to get relief from angina.
Heart Transplant: This surgery is made for the patient whose heart has got severe damage. The surgery is made for the replacement of the damaged heart by the donor’s heart.
Aneurysm Repair: Bulging of the blood vessel is called aneurysm. Sometimes, the wall of the artery can be weak and when the blood flows through this region, an aneurysm may be burst which results in the fatal bleeding inside the body. Then, the surgery is made for the removal of a dilated portion of the blood vessel and replacement of grafting is made with synthetic material.
Angioplasty: This minor surgery is made to clear the obstruction inside the veins or arteries. In this procedure, by the attachment of a deflated balloon is made to the catheter and then it is inserted through the guide-wire inside the obstructed blood vessels. After that, the balloon is inflated in a controlled manner and finally the deflated balloon is removed after ensuring the opening of the blood vessels.
Arrhythmia Treatment: Sometimes, due to the abnormal heartbeat, the heart is a failure to pump enough blood for the body which can be caused by the damage tothe brain or the other body organs. Then, a pacemaker is adjusted under the patient’s chest skin for the treatment of this condition.This device will help in making the normal heartbeat. Another treatment includes an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) is also placed under the chest’s skin which helps to develop the condition.
Cardiomyoplasty: This surgery is made for taking the healthy muscles from the other parts of the body; generally the back portion of the patient and it is wrapped around the heart for providing the support. A special type of pacemaker is placed for contraction of the skeletal muscles.
Finally, by choosing the best heart surgery hospital in India, you will get the facility to make any type of heart surgery according to your problem.